In this lesson, you will be able to:
Meter measures how many beats there are in a set. It is the pattern of accented and unaccented beats. Meter can be in twos, threes, and fours depending on the patterns of beats.
The musical symbols that show meter in music are time signature and bar lines. Bar lines enclose the beats into measure. The time signature, a symbol found at the beginning of a musical piece, tells us number of beats in each measure and the note that receives one beat.
This upper number tells us that there are two beats in each measure. This lower number tells us that the quarter note gets one beat. 2/4
What is a time signature?
The time signature is a fraction-like number that tells you the amount and types of notes contained in a measure. The number above tells you the number of beats in a measure. The number below tells you what note receives one beat. 4/4
4 –in the upper part tells the no. of beats in a measure , 4– in the lower part tells that the note receives one beat.
Musicians show the meter of music through conducting. Below are the conducting patterns of , , and . Follow them and make sure to move your arms on the beat of the songs that you previously sung. Remember that the accented beat is always shown by a downward movement.
In 2/4 time signature, the hand moves downward on the first beat, then up on the second.
In 3/4 time signature, the loud or strong beat is on the first note. This beat is the downward movement. At count 2, the movement is outward, and on the third beat, upward.In 3/4 time signature, the loud or strong beat is on the first note. This beat is the downward
In 4/4 time signature, the strong beat is on beat 1. It is a downward movement beat, on the second the movement is inward. On the third beat, the movement is outward, and up on the fourth beat.